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Chapter 1
1. Caroline is interested in determining how squirrels find the caches of nuts they buried several months earlier. She watches the squirrels in a park and notices that they tend to bury food near landmarks, such as trees or benches. She predicts that moving these landmarks after the squirrels have buried their food will prevent them from finding it later on, and designs an experiment to test her prediction. Caroline’s approach is an example of A) pseudoscience.

B) the scientific method.
C) the psychoanalytic model.
D) the biopsychological model.

2. The term pseudoscience refers to
A) the scientific study of psychology and related phenomena.
B) hypotheses that have been rejected through observation and testing.
C) ideas that are presented as science but in fact do not use the basic principles of scientific thinking procedure.
D) the belief that the mind is separate from the body.

3. When a psychologist uses the term scientific theory, he or she is referring to something that A) is guaranteed to be true.
B) explains a wide range of observations.
C) is no more or less plausible than any other theory.
D) is an educated guess.

4. Lidia gives a talk at a psychology conference in which she presents her new theory about the causes of autism. At one point, an audience member interrupts and says “but that’s just your theory.” What is the problem with this statement? A) A theory is not the same thing as an opinion or belief.

B) If Lidia is presenting the theory at a psychology conference it must be true. C) If most of the psychologists in the audience agree with Lidia, then the theory is likely to be true. D) The audience member should have used the term hypothesis, not theory.

5. Dr. Preston is a psychologist studying why some people develop depression, while others do not. She realizes that the reasons are probably complicated, and include factors such as genetics, brain chemistry, how individuals might experience events differently, and how family members and others influence each other. Dr. Preston’s approach is an example of A) pseudoscience.

B) the biopyschosocial model.
C) the psychoanalytic model.
D) gestalt psychology.

6. Which of the following is true about the concept of scientific literacy? A) Only trained scientists are considered scientifically literate. B) Scientific literacy is the ability to answer basic science questions without looking it up. C) A person who can understand, analyze, and apply scientific information is demonstrating scientific literacy. D) Knowledge of scientific terminology is the most important part of scientific literacy.

7. Which of the following is the best conclusion to draw from the massing versus spacing experiment discussed in the textbook? A) Massing is better than spacing for all types of learning. B) Massing is better than spacing for studying vocabulary.

C) Spacing is better than massing for all types of learning. D) Spacing is better than massing for studying vocabulary.

8. As a critical thinker, what habit is most likely to keep you from basing your conclusions on poor research? A) examine assumptions and biases
B) examine the nature and source of the evidence
C) tolerate ambiguity
D) avoid overly emotional thinking

9. Which of the following questions represents the concept of empiricism? A) Would Martin Luther King, Jr., have been a good president? B) What is the meaning of life?
C) Was the Civil War necessary?
D) Is there life on other planets?

10. According to the authors of the textbook, what is a key reason why psychology took almost 300 years longer than physics, biology, and chemistry to become scientific? A) Early scientific methodology was too primitive to use to study the mind. B) Laws were passed in the 1600s that made studying the mind illegal. C) Few people were interested in the mind and behavior prior to...
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