Psychology

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Chapter 1: Clinical Psychology: Definition and Training



















Successful completion of the postdoctoral internship authorizes a psychologist to practice independently.
o FALSE
How do social workers differ from clinical psychologists?
o Social workers typically lack a doctoral degree and training in assessment techniques.
The clinical psychology education and training model that emphasizes roughly equal parts science and practice is known as the Boulder model o Which of the following is true regarding graduate training in clinical psychology? Programs that subscribe to the clinical scientist model of training award the Ph.D. degree.

In what way do clinical psychology Psy.D. programs NOT tend to differ from Ph.D. programs?
o Psy.D. programs generally accept and enroll a smaller number of students than Ph.D. programs
Which of the following is NOT a way in which clinical psychologists generally differ from counseling psychologists?
o Clinical psychologists are more interested in vocational testing and career direction than counseling psychologists
Which of the following lists the necess ary stages for independent licensure as a clinical psychologist in order from first to last?
o completion of graduate coursework, predoctoral internship, postdoctoral internship, licensure exams
The most common work setting for clinical psychologists is private practice. TRUE
Compared to the training of clinical psychologists, professional counselors typically earn a master’s degree rather than a doctoral degree. o TRUE
The professional activity clinical psychologists are most often involved in is psychotherapy
The practitioner-scholar model of training is also known as the Boulder model of training.
o FALSE
What is the primary setting in which clinical psychologists work? o private practice
Sigmund Freud was the first person to use the term “clinical psychology.” o FALSE
Psychiatrists- tend to emphasize biological aspects of clinical problems to a greater extent than clinical psychologists, earn a medical degree rather than a Ph.D or Psy D.
When becoming licensed, a United States clinical psychologist must successful pass the EPPP and a state-specific exam on laws and ethics

Chapter 2: Evolution of Clinical Psychology

















While the MMPI-2 is often used to identify psychopathology, the NEO-PI-R measures universal personality characteristics common to all individuals. World War I is often cited as the event that transformed psychotherapy into a major professional activity of clinical psychologists.

o FALSE
The DSM continues to shrink in size with each new edition.
o FALSE
Emil Kraepelin developed a two-category system for describing mental illness comprised of endogenous disorders and exogenous disorders.
Wilhelm Wundt founded the first scholarly journal in the field of psychology. o FALSE
The founder of the York Retreat in England, William Tuke was one of the first individuals to establish a residential facility in which the mentally ill were treated with kindness, decency, and dignity.

Leading the American movement for humane treatment of the mentally ill, Eli Todd opened the Retreat in Connecticut in 1824, a facility which allowed patients to have significant input in their treatment decisions.

Assessment was the most prominent clinical activity in the early years of the profession of clinical psychology.
o TRUE
Created during World War I, the Army Alpha and Beta tests are considered precursors to today’s most widely used measures of intelligence. When Lightner Witmer told his colleagues in 1897 to “throw light upon the problems that confront humanity,” he was encouraging them to open and operate psychological clinics.

The intelligence quotient is derived from the quotient of mental age and chronological age
What is the most prominent way in which the WISC differentiated itself from the Stanford-Binet upon its release...
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