Psychology

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Enduring Issues in Psychology
Toni Blake

Which Type of Psychotherapy Is Most Useful?
Psychotherapy should focus on unconscious traumas
Psychotherapy should focus on irrational thought processes •Psychotherapy should focus on an individual’s potential •Psychotherapy should focus on changing

What Is Personality and How Is It Measured?
Unconscious instincts motivate personality
Social feeling motivates personality
A hierarchy of needs motivates personality
Personality is a combination of thousands of traits
Personality is a combination of five major factors

How Does Psychological Development Occur?
Development occurs in a series of psychosexual stages
Development occurs in a series of psychosocial stages
Development occurs in a series of cognitive stages
Development occurs in a series of moral stages
Development occurs through imitation

Does Nurture or Nature Drive Psychological Disorders?
Alcoholism is a disease
Alcoholism is not a disease
Criminal behavior is influenced by heredity
Criminal behavior is influenced by society
Genes cause depression
Psychosocial factors cause depression

Should Psychological Theory Determine Public Policy?
Repressed memories are questionable
Repressed memories may be reliable
Involuntary commitment of the mentally ill is justifiable •Involuntary commitment of the mentally ill in not justifiable •Rational suicide is a valuable practice
“Rational” suicide is a misnomer

Forty Studies That Changed Psychology
Roger R. Hock

Biology and Human Behavior
One brain or two?
More experience = bigger brain?
What you see is what you’ve learned (behaviors of the BaMbuti Pygmies) •Watch out for the visual cliff

Consciousness
To sleep, no doubt to dream (eye mobility and concomitant phenomena) •When you wish upon a dream (the influence of a conscious wish on dreams) •Unromancing the dream (the brain as a dream-state generator)...
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